|Age Range||3-5 (PreK-K), 5-8 (grades 1-2)|
|Group Size||small (1-5), medium (6-20)|
|Setup Time||medium (6-30 min)|
|Duration||medium (11-30 min)|
|Key terms||armadillo, armor, mammal|
|Materials||corrugated cardboard, paper, template, crayons, scissors, glue|
Students will be able to create their own armadillo art craft.
Students will understand that armadillos have a hard protective layer on the outside of their body.
The armadillo has hard, bony plates or “armor” that protect it from animal predators. There are nine “bands” or joints in the armor. The bands let the armadillo roll up into a ball for more protection. Armadillos eat insects and dig burrows. They always have four babies, which develop from the same egg!
The armor is formed by plates of dermal bone covered in relatively small, overlapping epidermal scales called "scutes", composed of bone with a covering of horn. In most species, there are rigid shields over the shoulders and hips, with a number of bands separated by flexible skin covering the back and flanks. Additional armor covers the top of the head, the upper parts of the limbs, and the tail. The underside of the animal is never armored, and is simply covered with soft skin and fur. This armor-like skin appears to be the main defense of many armadillos, although most escape predators by fleeing (often into thorny patches, from which their armor protects them) or digging to safety.
This Is How You Play
- Trace the body of the armadillo onto the piece of corrugated cardboard.
- With the end of the plastic pen cap, pick and scrape away the paper that covers the corrugated ridges within the body shape that was traced.
- If needed, use a damp rag to smooth away clumps of paper that still cling to the corrugation.
- Color the other armadillo body parts brown.
- Cut out the colored body parts of the armadillo and glue them onto the cardboard to make an armadillo.
Variations for Younger Students
- Instructor will need to cut out cardboard body, head, legs and tail for the kids.
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